Industry Resources

The Northwest National Marine Renewable Energy Center (NNMREC) at Oregon State University is supporting the responsible development of the wave energy industry. Check out our resource pages below:

Permitting Requirements
Learn about the process that goes into permitting testing site infrastructure.

Other Links
Explore miscellaneous links related to industry resources.

Have resource-related questions? If you can't find the answer here, please contact us.

In addition to the technological aspects of the industry, NNMREC is working to study the potential socioeconomic, environmental and ecological effects of this industry. Our world-class researchers and supporting facilities offer one-stop support to developers, and a trusted voice for all stakeholders.

Brainstorm to Power Source: How NNMREC Can Help

NNMREC is currently seeking the next wave energy conversion technologies hoping to test their devices in its open ocean test facility. NNMREC has paved the way through the regulatory and permitting environment to help streamline the process, and to responsibly support this exciting new industry. The Newport North Energy Test Site (NETS) facility is currently capable of testing devices up to 100kW from May through September, with an excellent portfolio of capabilities to research all aspects of technology development (technology, environment, social). Devices can continue to operate in the ocean test site throughout the year to study other aspects of their devices, such as survivability, biofouling, mooring and anchoring, environmental effect, and other important aspects of their technologies. NNMREC's mission to support the responsible development of marine renewable energy technologies begins with innovative technology companies ready to test their technologies in the real world environment.
If you believe your technology is ready for this opportunity review the Frequently Asked Questions for next steps.


Permitting Process

While the Pacific Marine Energy Center’s North Energy Test Site (NETS) and infrastructure are fully permitted, developers who wish to test wave energy conversion devices (WECs) at NETS will need to provide certain plans and information to document compliance with test center standards and regulatory requirements. Through our work developing NETS, NNMREC has established a streamlined process available to WEC developers. The overall process and general timeframe is depicted in the graphic.


Permitting Materials

NNMREC can assist developers in completing most of the required information and supporting documentation, with exception of specific technology descriptions and drawings. The permitting process involves extensive engagement with agencies and stakeholders, so it is advisable to start as early as possible. 

NNMREC has developed close relationships with all stakeholders, including federal and state agency partners, the local community, fishing interests including Fishermen Involved in Natural Energy (FINE), municipal government, etc.  These relationships represent a valuable asset for developers who might wish to test at NETS.

Complete permit applications and supporting documentation should be submitted at least six months prior to the desired deployment date.  The permits, agencies and application materials are summarized in the table.  Additional, detailed information about the permitting process and documentation is available upon request.


Environmental Monitoring & Adaptive Mitigation Plans

One of the most significant benefits to using NETS is that NNMREC has conducted comprehensive environmental monitoring and analysis in and around the test site, and this environmental documentation may be used to inform environmental evaluation during the permitting process and fulfill regulatory requirements for environmental monitoring. Currently, NNMREC is conducting long term environmental monitoring studies focused on:

  • Benthic organisms and habitat
  • Marine mammals
  • Entangled/injured species
  • Derelict gear
  • Acoustics
  • Electromagnetic fields

The monitoring studies underway at NETS should meet the requirements for most WEC tests, so these study plans may be used to fulfill the environmental monitoring required by the permitting process. If additional environmental studies are required for a WEC test, NNMREC is in a unique position to help developers as we are part of Oregon State University, and as such, can tap into the scientific expertise that exists at the Hatfield Marine Science Center and the College of Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences.

In addition to environmental monitoring, an Adaptive Management Framework is in place at NETS to help manage uncertainties associated with potential effects of wave energy devices. As part of the Adaptive Management Framework, an Adaptive Mitigation Plan (AMP) is developed for each WEC test that includes thresholds and mitigation actions for the particular WEC device. NNMREC can assist developers in preparing and implementing the Adaptive Mitigation Plan for their device to fulfill regulatory requirements associated with the environmental review process.

Permitting Information and Resources

US Army Corps of Engineers: Permitting Information

OR Department of State Lands: Removal-Fill Guide

OR Department of State Lands: Joint Application Completeness Checklist

US Army Corps of Engineers: 2012 Nationwide (NWP) Regional Permit Conditions Portland District

Open Data


There are a lot of great resources for data, best practices, and information regarding the MHK industry.  Below are some links to resources in the following categories:


OpenEI has a technology database for information about Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology projects around the globe.  Data is organized by projects, technologies, and companies and includes a map which identifies them by phase.

OpenORE is a website to facilitate the open source exchange of code, models, projects, data, media, etc. relating to offshore renewable energy.

The purpose of this blog is to aggregate and organize technical papers as they relate the the development of Marine and Hydrokinetic (MHK) technologies.

Open Wave Energy Project
Open Wave Energy Project is an open innovation arena and an initiative to boost the development of ocean wave energy.

The goals of the ORECCA project (Off-shore Renewable Energy Conversion platforms – Coordination Action) are to create a framework for knowledge sharing and to develop a roadmap for research activities in the context of offshore renewable energy that are a relatively new and challenging field of interest.

Resource Data

The National Data Buoy Center provides observation data from buoys around the world.

Irish National Marine Institute
Irish marine data including several buoys off of the irish coast.

Japan Meteorological Agency
Japan Meteorological Agency provides plots of regional wave data.

Best Practices

EMEC has coordinated the development of a suite of guidelines on behalf of the marine renewable energy industry.

Marine Institute
Development and Evaluation Protocol for Ocean Energy Devices.  This document has guidelines on how to proceed from a concept to prototype

University of Edinburgh
Best practice guidelines for tank testing of wave energy converters

MARINET has posted a wave tank testing best practices document.

Environmental Data

Tethys is a knowledge management system that gathers, organizes, and provides access to information pertaining to the potential environmental effects of marine and hydrokinetic (MHK) and offshore wind development.

Please contact us to notify of dead links or suggest more resources for this page here


Frequently Asked Questions Regarding Resources for Industry

Click here for PDF

Will NNMREC develop my technology for the market?

No. We support developers through testing services, research, and other services. Developers play a critical role in the industry and must champion their own technologies, but endeavor to help in any way we can, with the exception of becoming device developers ourselves.

How can I work with NNMREC to develop my technology?

NNMREC helps the developer reach their own goals concerning their technologies. We have expertise, capabilities, and facilities that can help developers move along the technology development lifecycle (Technology Readiness Level, TRL). We can potentially help at any stage of device development; from napkin sketch, through utility scale testing. 

How much do NNMREC services cost?

Cost requirements vary widely depending on developer needs. Services are paid for through a pre-arranged agreement with the developer.

Will my intellectual property be protected?

Yes. NNMREC values your intellectual property. We are part of the university system, which has comprehensive practices addressing all aspects of concern. These agreements can take many forms, and lays the foundation for relationships we develop with our partners.

Who else can help me in Oregon? What other funding is available?

NNMREC can help you find the resources you need such as: marine resources, consultants, and other service and supply chain requirements. Other organizations that may be able to help you are as follows:

  • Oregon Wave Energy Trust (OWET)
  • NSF SBIR / STTR grants.
  • Oregon Best Commercialization grants.
  • Oregon Entrepreneurs' Network (OEN)

How do I know if my device ready for the open ocean?

Open-ocean testing requires a significant level of planning, funding and readiness. Developers must have a sophisticated team and comprehensive understanding of their technology and its potential effects.

  • Refer to our technology development lifecycle information, and understand the MHK TRL system for technology readiness.
  • Review the developer process on our website (forthcoming).

What is the permitting process, and what permits do I need for open-ocean testing?

The permitting process should start very early. It includes a significant degree of discussions with stakeholders and agencies. Stakeholders will need to understand what your device does, how it works, and what effects your device could have. Be prepared to provide documentation concerning your device including:

  • Safety and emergency response plans (including spills)
  • Operations plan
  • Mooring and anchoring design and validation
  • Justifications concerning device operation and safety
  • Description of worst-case failure scenarios for your device (including mooring failures)

Also consider potential effects your device could have concerning:

  • Electromagnetic Fields (EMF) generation
  • Acoustic sound energy levels
  • Marine Mammals
  • Sea Birds
  • Sedimentation
  • Others as determined

What activities are permitted for the Newport North Energy Test Site (NETS)?

Each test requires its own permits, including a Nationwide Permit from the Army Corp of Engineers and the Oregon Department of State Lands. This process results in a lease for the test. A permit is also required by the United States Coast Guard.

How do I initiate the permitting process?

Typically, developers will enlist the assistance of a consultant for permitting. Developers could do this work themselves, but contingencies should be taken to minimize the significant risks involved. A significant effort is required in face-to-face consultation with stakeholders.

I am ready to work with NNMREC, how do I get started?

Review the following information. These items will be discussed during early conversations with NNMREC staff.

Note: NNMREC is not a device developer, but rather a facilitator and supporter of the industry, and developers.

  • Do you have a sophisticated understanding of your technology?
  • What is your business model, or strategic plan? This could change how we work together.
  • Do you have a team of technical and business leaders that will champion your technology?
  • What level of funding do you have, and will it support the next level of development?
  • What technical, leadership, or understanding gaps to you have?
  • Are you ready to take your technology to the next TRL level?
  • How will your technology be deployed, commissioned, moored, operated, recovered, and decommissioned?
  • What potential effects could your device have to the ocean ecology, biological resources, sediment transport

Whom should I contact to get started working with NNMREC?

Dan Hellin, Assistant Director (